The first 5G-connection zone has been launched in Moscow. Tele2 and Ericsson have deployed coverage in the area of Tverskaya Street – from Red Square to the Garden Ring. As part of a pilot project, you can explore the most advanced applications – from real-time VR to smart homes and the Internet of things.
5G communication officially appeared in Russia: the first pilot zone along Tverskaya Street was deployed by Tele2 and Ericsson. The range is not optimal, since the most promising frequencies have yet to be shared with the Ministry of Defense, so only the presence of a signal in the open air is guaranteed within the project. But the pilot will allow you to test all the promising technologies for which high-speed communications of the future are needed.
According to Ericsson, 5G in Moscow operates on a section from Red Square to the Garden Ring. For the test project Tele2, the frequencies of the upper part of the 5G-band were allocated – at 28 GHz.
The main disadvantage is that the microwave signal decays quickly when it collides with the walls of buildings. Because partners only guarantee outdoor coverage. But on the other hand, it is this part of the range that most expressively represents the advantages of 5G – high speed and minimal delays in data transfer.
The head of Ericsson in Russia, Sebastian Tolstoy, stressed that the company has now commissioned “more 5G commercial sites than any competitor” around the world and intends to continue to participate “in the innovative development of Russia”. Tele2 CEO Sergei Emdin added: “In the near future, Muscovites will be able to see for themselves what 5G will bring to their daily lives, entertainment, the development of a smart city.”
Companies have not yet announced who and how will experience a promising connection in Moscow. Earlier it was expected that the first pilot deployed in Luzhniki or Moscow City, so Tele2 are proud to be ahead of the competition.
Emdin adds that for further development, “support of the regulator” is needed – the state commission on radio frequencies. The fact is that the most long-range part of the range in which 5G equipment works – 3.4-3.8 GHz – is traditionally occupied by the Ministry of Defense, and the military is not very disposed to give it away.
In addition, experts warn that the idea of a sovereign Runet will seriously complicate the implementation of the largest advantage of 5G – the universal Internet of things.
5G pilot zones in million-plus cities are being created in accordance with the national program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation”. According to it, by 2022 it is necessary to ensure widespread commercial use of 5G in five cities with a population of more than 1 million people, and by 2024 – in 15 cities with a population of over one million.