Scientists compared the cognitive abilities of twins after natural childbirth and cesarean section and proved that the type of childbirth influences further intellectual development.
A team from the University of Malaga (Spain) analyzed for the first time the influence of the type of childbirth on the psychological development and intelligence of twins. Scientists examined 160 children born in 2005, of which 55% were born in the traditional way and 45% using a caesarean section, writes EurekAlert.
Scientists intended to find out whether the type of birth is a possible risk factor for the development of children in the future. Studies have confirmed the hypothesis: caesarean section reduces the intellectual potential, regardless of other potential causes – the age of the mother, the weight of the newborn and several others.
“When comparing all the data, we found out that children with a lower intellectual and cognitive level of development were born as a result of a cesarean section,” concluded the author of the study, Maria José González Valenzuela.
The scientists arrived at their conclusion after testing the intelligence of children, as well as psycho-neurological and psycho-pedagogical examinations. The authors emphasize that cesarean section carries an independent risk, at least for multiple pregnancies. He is advised to resort to operating childbirth solely for medical reasons.
Already in the near future, the approach to the birth of children can change dramatically. Modern technologies allow the creation of artificial uterus and incubators for embryos earlier than is commonly believed, scientists say. Changes in childbirth can be the main revolution of the 21st century.
Many sci-fi books and films describe the society of the future, in which people abandoned natural pregnancy and used various technical devices to continue the race. For example, in the famous novel by Aldous Huxley, “O Brave New World,” children grow up in “bottles”. And in the Matrix film trilogy, enslaved people machines collect new people in huge factories.