Now mankind is at the dawn of the era of quantum computers. But even in the future, these powerful computing devices will not replace classic computers – they will work together, according to renowned expert William Harley.
Artificial intelligence is actively used today and it is believed that it will shape the future of mankind. But this common opinion is not shared by William Harley, a member of the non-profit organization Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the founder of the Chaotic Moon mobile apps development studio and other startups.
In an article on TechCrunch, Harley tries to explain in simple words the basic principles of quantum physics. It will also make the world a better place.
“Quantum computers will help cure diseases, improve financial markets, redistribute traffic flows, fight climate change,” the businessman explains.
In the world, huge amounts of money are being spent on the development of this technology – $1.75 billion. In 2015. The leader is the United States – in terms of investment and the number of patents. There are dangerous sides of this technology.
“It is believed that quantum computers destroy the existing encryption system and destroy the blockchain,” the expert says.
But Harley does not share the skeptics. He believes that they will bring public benefits.
An American entrepreneur is dealing with quantum computing. For example, the Canadian wave D will create a cloud platform in which anyone can get their share of the next-generation computing power.
Not only Harley says about the fact that society overestimates the value of AI. The Google Brain community cannot believe that many companies failed to fulfill their promises to introduce AI.
Andrew Ng: “AI technology is overestimated, but its “winter” is unlikely to come”
Co-founder of Google Brain and leading expert in AI hopes that machine learning technologies will not lose their support and funding. But the predictions about the imminent invasion of robots should not be trusted. Most companies will not fulfill their promises.
Ignorance of top managers
Former leading artificial intelligence researcher at Baidu (Chinese company) Andrew Ng was at the origin of search engine algorithms and the first virtual assistants. Now an expert teaches at Stanford University (USA) and advises companies on AI issues.
Ng notes that most of the heads of enterprises do not understand machine learning technologies and often make too ambitious plans. At the Future of Everything conference, the scientist said that he had met with directors more than once, who on the stage talked about the ambitious plans for introducing AI in production. And after 20 minutes in a personal conversation, the engineers of the same company recognized that the work on the project had not yet begun and in principle could not be implemented.
“You need to have an understanding of what is possible in the field of AI, and what is not. Many top managers do not have enough of this,” Wall Street Journal quoted Ng.
Because of this, society has formed the wrong idea about the level of technology development. The expert cites robotic vehicles as an example:
“In the automotive industry, many executives present strategies for launching unmanned vehicles or launching robotic car services, although their engineers consider plans to be unrealistic.”
Winter of artificial intelligence
Despite the creation of an information bubble around machine learning technology, society is unlikely to turn its back on AI. The scientific community faced the “winter of artificial intelligence” twice – in the 1970s and in the late 80s. In both cases, interest in technology disappeared, and funding declined.
In the coming years, the situation is unlikely to recur, according to Ng.
“Then small groups of scientists participated in the process, whose work was surrounded by excessive attention. Moreover, at that time, AI did not have economic value, ” the expert emphasizes.
In his opinion, the algorithms are already bringing substantial revenue to companies, so the technology is not going anywhere.
Earlier, Ng has already compared artificial intelligence with the Internet and electricity. He believes that technology is universal and fundamental. This will become clear in the near future, when algorithms and robots affect every industry.
Many will lose their jobs, but the profit from AI will provide people with a livelihood. But the researcher does not support the idea of unconditional income.
He believes that only the unemployed should receive a safety cushion and only if they continue to develop. For example, they will attend courses and learn new skills.
It is also time to change the education system, he is sure. In his opinion, it is time to create a new superstructure beyond the school classes and university courses. To make educational content accessible, the expert founded the Coursera online platform and launched courses deeplearning.ai.
“In the future, you will not be able to learn for four years and then write code until the end of your days. You will have to learn throughout life, ” Ng predicts.
He hopes that the companies, which will continuously train employees and pump their skills, will take the initiative.
Earlier, Ng noted that the only way to survive in the world of machines is education. Other initiatives, including artificial job creation systems, will not help a person if he does not retrain.